2nd Grade Curriculum

Below are the 2nd Grade Standards we focus on throughout the school year.  These standards are in direct alignment with the Colorado Academic Standards and the curriculum outlined by Douglas County School District.  

The standards are the basis for the content rich environment and activities at Buffalo Ridge.  We also emphasize the 4C's with our second graders at a developmentally appropriate level.  Creativity, Critical Thinking, Communication, and Collaboration are vital skills for them to start developing at this young age as they learn to become learners.  

2nd Grade
Reading, Writing and Communicating

Oral Expression and Listening

  • Discussions contribute and expand on the ideas of self and others

  • New information can be learned and better dialogue created by listening actively

Reading for All Purposes

  • Fluent reading depends on specific skills and approaches to understanding strategies when reading literary text

  • Fluent reading depends on specific skills and approaches to understanding strategies when reading informational text

  • Decoding words with accuaracy depends on knowledge of complex spelling patters and morphology

Writing and Composition

  • Exploring the writing process helps to plan and draft a variety of literary genres

  • Exploring the writing process helps to plan and draft a variety of simple informational texts

  • Appropriate spelling, capitalization, grammar, and punctuation are used and applied when writing

Research and Reasoning

  • Reference materials help us locate information and answer questions

  • Questions are essential to analyze and evaluate the quality of thinking

2nd Grade

Number Sense, Properties, and Operations

  • The whole number system describes place value relationships through 1,000 and forms the foundation for efficient algorithms

  • Formulate, represent, and use strategies to add and subtract within 100 with flexibility, accuracy, and efficiency

Patterns, Functions, and Algebraic Structures

  • Expectations for this standard are integrated into the other standards at preschool through third grade.

Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

  • Visual displays of data can be constructed in a variety of formats to solve problems

Shape, Dimension, and Geometric Relationships

  • Shapes can be described by their attributes and used to represent part/whole relationships

  • Some attributes of objects are measurable and can be quantified using different tools

2nd Grade

Physical Science:  Forces and Motion (Relationship Change)

  • Changes in speed or direction of motion are caused by forces such as pushes and pulls.

Life Science:  Plants/Animals and their habitats (Interactions or Interdependence)

  • Organisms depend on their habitat’s nonliving parts to satisfy their needs

  • Each plant or animal has different structures or behaviors that serve different functions

Earth Systems Science:  Weather and Seasons (Influence or Interactions)

  • Weather and the changing seasons impact the environment and organisms such as humans, plants, and other animals

2nd Grade
Social Studies


  • Identify historical sources and utilize the tools of a historian

  • People in the past influenced the history of neighborhoods and communities


  • Use geographic terms and tools to describe space and place

  • People in communities manage, modify, and depend on their environment


  • The scarcity of resources affects the choices of individuals and communities

  • Apply decision-making processes to financial decision making   


  • Responsible community members advocate for their ideas

  • People use multiple ways to resolve conflicts or differences

2nd Grade
Visual Arts

Observe and Learn to Comprehend

  • Artists make choices that communicate ideas in works of art

  • Characteristics and expressive features of art and design are used to identify and discuss works of art

Envision and Critique to Reflect

  • Visual arts use various literacies to convey intended meaning

Invent and Discover to Create

  • Use familiar symbols to identify and demonstrate characteristics and expressive features of art and design

Relate and Connect to Transfer

  • Use familiar symbols to identify and demonstrate characteristics and expressive features of art and design

2nd Grade

Expression of Music

  • Expressively perform simple songs in small groups or independently

  • Perform simple rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic patterns

Creation of Music

  • Create musical phrases in the form of simple questions and answers alone and in small groups

  • Identify rhythmic and melodic notation patterns

Theory of Music

  • Comprehension and use of appropriate vocabulary for dynamics, tempo, meter and articulation

  • Comprehension of beginning notational elements and form in music

  • Comprehension of vocal and instrumental tone colors

  • Comprehension of beginning melodic and rhythmic patterns

Aesthetic Valuation of Music

  • Demonstrate respect for individual, group, and self-contributions in a musical setting

  • Articulate reactions to the elements and aesthetic qualities of musical performances using musical terminology and movement

  • Demonstrate increased awareness of music in daily life or special events

2nd Grade
Physical Education

Movement Competence and Understanding

  • Demonstrate the elements of movement in combination with a variety of locomotor skills

  • Demonstrate control and balance in traveling and weight-bearing activities using a variety of body parts and implements

  • Use feedback to improve performance

Physical and Personal Wellness

  • Recognize the importance of making the choice to participate in a wide variety of activities that involve locomotion, non-locomotion, and manipulation of objects outside of physical education class

  • Identify good brain health habits

Emotional and Social Wellness

  • Demonstrate positive and helpful behavior and words toward other students

Prevention and Risk Management

  • Apply rules, procedures, and safe practices to create a safe school environment with little or no reinforcement